Genomic Services

Submission Template Requirements

Plasmid DNA Preparation

In order to obtain good sequence data the quality of the template DNA is extremely important. The following methodologies are recommended for preparing plasmid DNA for automated sequencing: Cesium chloride (CsCl) banding, Retrogen plasmid kit, Qiagen plasmid kit, Wizard plus plasmid kit, along with other commercial kits. Magnesium ions are essential for DNA polymerase activity. Template DNA and primer should be re-suspended in water or a buffer containing no more than 0.1 mM EDTA. High concentrations of EDTA in template DNA or primer will result in weak signals or short reads. The purified plasmid DNA can then be quantified either by agarose electrophoresis or by spectrophotometer. The optimal concentration of the purified plasmid template is 100 ng/µl.

PCR Product Preparation

The purity of the PCR product is crucial to obtaining good sequence data. Any PCR primers and/or dNTPs remaining in the PCR product will adversely affect the quality of the sequence data. If the PCR product has a unique band, it can be purified by the size exclusion method, using a PCR purification kit from Retrogen, Qiagen or Pharmacia. If the PCR product has more than one band, the PCR product should be run on the agarose gel in order to isolate the desired band needed for sequencing. The band can be purified by the Gel Extraction kit from Retrogen or Qiagen. The purified PCR products can then be quantified either by agarose electrophoresis or by spectrophotometer. The optimal concentration of the PCR template is 20 ng/µl.

QC Your Templates

It is necessary to measure the concentration of your template accurately, either using an agarose gel or by spectrophotometer. The primary factor contributing to poor sequencing results is inaccurate concentration. So, please verify the concentration of your template accurately.

Recommended DNA Template and Primer Quantities for Each Reaction

DNA and Primer Separated

DNA Concentration Amount 2x Amount
PCR product DNA 5-20ng/µl 50ng 100ng
Single stranded plasmid 50-100ng/µl 150ng 300ng
Double stranded plasmid 50-200ng/µl 300ng 600ng
BAC 100-200ng/µl 2000ng 4000ng
Primer 10pmol/µl 5µl 10µl

We recommend 2x amount of DNA in case we need to repeat the reactions



DNA and Primer Combined

DNA AmountPrimerTotal Vol.2X DNA2X Primer2X Total Vol.
PCR product DNA 50ng 10pmoles 6µl 100ng 20pmoles 12µl
Single stranded plasmid 150ng 10pmoles 6µl 300ng 20pmoles 12µl
Double stranded plasmid 300ng 10pmoles 6µl 600ng 20pmoles 12µl
BAC 2000ng 10pmoles 6µl 4000ng 20pmoles 12µl

We recommend 2x amount of DNA in case we need to repeat the reactions.



Example 1: If your PCR template and primer are at the concentration of 20ng/µl and 10pmol/µl, respectively, you need to add 5µl of PCR template and 2µl of primer to the 1.5mL epi tube, and add 5µl of H2O to bring the total volume of 12µl.

Example 2: If your Plasmid template and primer are at the concentration of 200ng/µl and 10pmol/µl, respectively, you need to add 3µl of Plasmid template and 2µl of primer to the 1.5mL epi tube, and add 7µl of H2O to bring the total volume of 12µl.

Single Tube Sequencing

Smaller orders should use 1.5mL Eppendorf tubes. Screw cap tubes are more time consuming, so pop caps should be used. Each tube must be clearly labeled to match with the order forms.

96 Well Plate sequencing (25 and More Samples Per Order)

Please submit your DNA and primers at the concentration according to the table above. The concentration of DNA and primers should be normalized and arrayed arranged vertically (A1-H1, A2-H2, etc.) on the 96 well plate. The plate should be sealed using strip-cap lids to prevent leakage and shipped overnight. Tube strips, while convenient, are hard to label and track, so for large orders (24+ samples) use 96 well plates. We recommend using strip-cap lids to seal plates as they prevent leakage and cross contamination. This is especially important for plates shipped overnight.